Starting from an anomalous monomeric system, where particles interact via a two-scale core-softened potential, we investigate how the system properties evolve inasmuch as particles are put together to form polymers whose chain size varies from 4 up to 32 monomers. We observed that the density and diffusion anomaly regions in the pressure versus temperature phase diagram of the monomeric system is smaller in the monomeric system when compared with the polymers. We also found that the polymers do not fold into themselves to form solid spheres instead they tend to maximize the chain-fluid contact. Also, Rouse and Reptation models can be employed to describe the polymers diffusive behaviour. But, in contrast to results of simulations where mere interacts via Lennard-Jones potentials, our results shown a much shorter entanglement length of at most 8 monomers.
We consider the transverse magnetic moment and torque observed by Li et al. (Nat. Phys. 7, 762 (2011)) in the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface and the theoretical model for it based on the zero helicity states. The transverse magnetic moment is explained in terms of an asymmetry between the two sides of the interface. We show here that there is an intrinsic magnetization which gives rise to a mass anisotropy in each side of the interface.
The chromism observed in the MEH-PPV polymer in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution is discussed as a function of the structural morphology of the backbone chains. To evaluate this phenomenon, we carried out simulations employing a hybrid methodology using molecular dynamics and quantum mechanical approaches. Our results support the hypothesis that the morphological order–disorder transition is related to the change from red to blue phase observed experimentally. The morphological disorder is associated with total or partial twisted arrangements in the polymer backbone, which induces an electronic conjugation length more confined to shorter segments. In addition, the main band of the MEH-PPV UV–Vis spectrum at the lower wavelength is related to the blue phase, in contrast to the red phase found for the more planar backbone chains.